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SflaPEmrB oFgirr 

The Miami Bulletin 

Published Monthly by Miami University 
<And Entered at Postoffice, Oxford, Ohio, as Second Class Mail Matter. 

Series IV JUNE, 1905. Number 4. 



The Annual Report 


The President of the University 



Thirteenth of June, 
Nineteen Hundred Five. 



President of Miami University 




JUNE f3, 1905. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 

1904 ■ President's Report - 1905 

To the Honorable and Reverend the Trustees of Miami University : 

The President of the University has the honor to submit the 
following report for the academic year of 1904-05. 

At the outset, let me extend official congratulations to the 
members of your body and to felicitate each and all of you upon 
the fact that during the year no serious affliction has come to any 
of you or to any of your immediate families. It is particularly 
gratifying to know that the Governor, in his wisdom, has seen fit 
to reappoint every member, whose term of office has expired, for 
another period of nine years in this great work. I voice the sen- 
timent, I am sure, of all who are interested in the welfare of the 
institution when I express the hope that all of you may live to 
serve out your terms and that the coming years may be the best 
and happiest you have ever known in the service of "Old 

It is no disparagement of the other members of this Board 
to single out the one who has served for forty-five years as a 
member of this body and for twenty-five years as its President, 
and to congratulate the institution that it still enjoys the un- 
selfish service of one so thoroughly consecrated to all that con- 
cerns its welfare. We are particularly happy this season 
because it celebrates the sixtieth anniversary of the graduation 
of President Herron from our institution. Every member of 
this Board has been looking forward with pleasant anticipations 
to the privilege of participating in the celebration of this impor- 
tant anniversary of one who has done perhaps more than any 
other living man and than all men gone before him to maintain 
the good name and unsullied reputation of Miami University. 
All will join heartily with me in the prayer that Mr. Herron 
may live forever. If it be true that the works of men live after 


them, he will live as long as Miami University is known among 
men and as long as the records of its achievements are remem- 
bered in heaven. 

It is with no little satisfaction that I direct your attention to 
the record of the year just closing. It has been one of the best 
the institution has know r n in all its history. 


First of all giving consideration to the student body, it may 
not be out of place to say that from the physical standard, the 
year has been satisfactory. Aside from a few sporadic cases of 
diphtheria and scarlet fever, there has been little serious illness 
among our students. The majority have been able, with a 
reasonable degree of regularity, to attend to their college duties. 

Death, though, has entered our midst twice. It took from 
us a young man who was in college for the first time. Mr. John 
Ireton of Crosstown, Ohio, came to us last September as a gradu- 
ate of the Williamsburg High School. He entered the Freshman 
Class of the College of Liberal Arts with high hopes and large 
expectations for a bright future. He was the only child of a 
justly proud father and mother. His mother drove with him to 
the railroad station the day he started for Oxford, and his father 
came with him to see him well started in his work. Scarcely two 
weeks of the term had passed by until he was called home by 
the death of his mother. A little later in the year, about the 
middle of the Fall Term, he was called home by the serious ill- 
ness of an Uncle. Then in December, feeling somewhat indis- 
posed, he himself went home hoping to recuperate in a few days. 
He never returned. He was taken with a fatal illness, contract- 
ed perhaps from his mother during her sickness, and died on the 
26th of January. Thus out of a family of three, radiant with 
hope in September, only the grief stricken father was left in 
January. I am sure the sympathy of this body will go out to 
this father in his sad affliction, sitting as he does to-day in the 
midst of blasted hopes, 

Mi- Anna Clinton Williams, a Sophomore in the Normal 
College, from Chesterland, Ohio, died December fifteenth, nine- 
teen hundred and four. She was ambitions for a more thorough 

preparation for her chosen profession of teaching and her un- 
timely death was doubtless the result of over work. 



According to the last annual catalogue, it will be found that 
the total number of students enrolled for the collegiate year ex- 
tending from the beginning of the Spring Term of 1904 to the 
close of the Winter Term of 1905 is seven hundred and twenty- 
four, divided as follow\s: 

College of Liberal Arts 187 

Normal College..., 163 

Academy 91 

Summer School 355 

This is a decrease from the attendance of the preceding year. 
The decrease is accounted for by the fact that our Summer Ses- 
sion last year was much smaller in enrollment than the preceding 
Summer. There was an increase in the regular departments of 
work throughout the year, but the St. Louis Exposition proved, 
as it was prophesied it would, a very strong counter-attraction 
for the Summer Session. 

It is cause for congratulation that we have seventy-five 
Freshmen in the College of Liberal Arts and fifty-nine in the 
Normal College. Our entering classes last September were un- 
usually large and for the year to date, the enrollment is four 
hundred and thirty-three. Beginning with the Summer Session 
or 1904, it may be interesting to you to know that the distribu- 
tion of our students by Counties from Ohio is as follows: 

Adams 11 Allen 6 

Auglaize 8 Brown 26 

Belmont 1 Butler ..162 

Champaign 13 Clarke 11 

Clermont 36 Clinton 9 

Columbiana 1 Cuyahoga.. 1 

Darke 21 Delaware 2 

Defiance 2 Erie 2 

Fayette 5 Franklin 4 

Geauga 3 Greene 19 

Hamilton.... 42 Hancock 1 

Hardin 4 Henry 3 

Highland 10 Huron 4 

Knox 1 Lawrence 1 

Licking 1 Logan , 10 

Lorain 2 Lucas , 1 


Madison 12 Mahoning 3 

Medina 1 Mercer 8 

Miami 17 Montgomery 51 

Muskingum 1 Ottawa 1 

Paulding 4 Pickaway 3 

Pike 1 Portage 1 

Preble 32 Putnam 10 

Ross.. 16 Scioto.... 6 

Shelby 20 Summit 1 

Sandusky 1 Union 3 

VanWert 3 Warren 11 

Williams 2 Wood 13 

Wyandot 1 

In all fifty-Seven of the eighty-eight Counties of Ohio, you will 
observe, are represented. The distribution by states is as follows: 

Kentucky... 8 Illinois 3 

Indiana 18 Iowa 3 

New York 1 Pennsylvania 4 

Texas 1 West Virginia 1 

Vermont 1 Ohio 645 

The breadth of the constituency of the University is still re- 
markably maintained if not extended. It is very gratifying in- 
deed to know that so many of our students come from Butler, 
Preble, Montgomery and Hamilton Counties, but, when one re- 
members that statistics show that on the average two thirds of 
the attendance of even our largest universities come from within 
a radius of one hundred miles, it is certainly a noteworthy fact 
that Miami steadily brings a large number of its students from 
remote Counties and distant States and that such widely scatter- 
ed public and private secondary schools are contributing to our 
enrollment. We certainly have a right as an institution of learn- 
ing to regard our constituency as really national. 


More pleasing, however, than the large enrollment I am 
able to report is the statement I bring concerning the character 
of our student body. It is very clear from the Registrar's books 
that the ideals of scholarship obtaining among most of our young 
people are very high. It is not merely the easier courses which 
are being selected. Some of the severest courses given in col- 
lege, considering the nature of the subject covered, are among 

president's annual report 

those most frequently chosen. The influence of a few students 
of high ideals of scholarship is one of the most effective agencies 
in making the scholarship of any class, but the main responsi- 
bility for securing thoroughness in scholarship must, without 
question, be laid upon the heads of the various Departments. 
There are some students who do poor work, and I regret to say 
that even great as has been the improvement along many lines, 
there are yet too many of our students who fail to realize the 
obligation that rests upon them for regular attendance upon 
college duties. The various Faculties can do and are doing 
much to remedy this condition and to secure a high grade of 
work, but at best, they can hardly furnish more than a vigorous 
check upon poor work and irregularity. The creation of really 
enthusiastic scholarship must rest with the individual teacher, 
and we have no reason to believe that this responsibilit}' is less 
felt than formerly. 

For now nearly a quarter of a century, your President has 
been dealing with young people in such relationships as these, 
and he has no hesitancy in declaring that, so far as moral ideals 
are concerned, he has never known a student body in all his ex- 
perience that, in the main, has maintained loftier standards of 

With so large a number of young people gathered together 
as have passed in and out of our halls throughout this year, it 
would hardly be expected that there would be no exceptions to 
the rule of life which regards high morality as its chief essential. 
It is but simple justice, however, to say that there are as few of 
these exceptions in this institution as are to be found in any 
institution of w r hich the writer has any knowledge. But 
three or four students have been suspended for misconduct 
or poor work throughout the year. There has been little 
demand for the services of our Committee on Discipline. 
In fact, I think I may truthfully say that the past year has been 
one of the most peaceful and pleasant, so far as Faculty and 
student relations are concerned, that I have ever known here or 
anywhere. In the long run of successful college government of 
the highest type, men go back to the personal acquaintance and 
the personal influence that shall secure some real initiative on 
the part of the student himself. College education that is worthy 
to carry out the aim of the true college must thus more and 
more seek the hearty cooperation of the entire student body. 


This is the ideal of government that has been held to with ten- 
acity by the governing body of this institution. For some time, 
it has been in the mind of the President to suggest the establish- 
ment, in a more or less formal way, of a kind of Student Senate 
somewhat after the fashion of that at Bowdoin and Kenyon, 
made up in the main of officers elected by the student body, to 
whom could be brought the questions which chiefly concern the 
order and progress of the University. Your President is confi- 
dent that the ideals of the students of Miami University are such 
as to insure a strong and cordial response to such a movement 
and to secure distinctively better results in certain respects than 
perhaps have yet been attained. Certain circumstances seem to 
make it unadvisable at the present time to attempt the immediate 
inauguration of such a Student Senate. The students, however, 
have been ready, without a single exception, to respond prompt- 
ly to any appeal that has been made to them from the Chapel 
platform or personally, and so long as this delightful spirit ob- 
tains in the relations existing between students and President 
and Faculties, all the results that are desirable can be secured. 


Throughout the year, the various members of our Faculties 
have been faithful to the work expected from them. It is pleas- 
ing to be able to report that no severe illness or affliction has 
come to the homes of any one of them and that all have been 
able, without serious interruption to attend to their college 

In accordance with the University System inaugurated three 
years ago, we have three Faculties, the Academy Faculty, direct- 
ed by the Principal of the Academy, the Normal College Faculty, 
presided over by the Dean of the Normal College, and the 
College of Liberal Arts Faculty, controlled by the Dean of the 
College of Liberal Arts. Bach presiding officer meets his Fac- 
ulty at stated times and all work bearing directly upon the 
success of the particular college or school is given careful con- 
sideration. None of these Faculties have any power of legisla- 
tion or to administer discipline. The purpose of their existence 
is the better to unify their work and to secure desirable class 
room results. The University Council is a small body composed 
of the President, the two Deans, and three others appointed by 
the President of the University. This smaller body makes up a 

president's annual report 

sort of executive cabinet and considers in advance certain more 
important questions of legislation that are likely to come up 
before the larger body for consideration. The Council is a sort 
of predigestive organism - formed for the purpose of preventing 
haste in action on important matters. The University Senate, 
composed of the three different Faculties, presided over by the 
President of the University, meeting the first Tuesday of each 
month, is the real legislative body of the institution. Before the 
University Senate come for final action all questions of change 
in course of study, all questions of discipline and general Uni- 
versity policy. I am able to report that thrdughout the year the 
meetings of these various bodies composing our system, as well 
as the meetings of the general body itself, have been character- 
ized by a spirit of harmony and fraternal good-will that have en- 
abled us to work together in the effort to secure the very best re- 
sults for the common good. 

I doubt whether there is an educational staff in Ohio or the 
Middle West made up of more scholarly and enthusiastic teach- 
ers than compose the teaching body of Miami University. Our 
institution has stood throughout the years for the highest possible 
standards of teaching and it has been the effort of the present ad- 
ministration to hold up the ideals of the past in this regard. Every 
member of the board of trustees should cooperate most earnestly 
with the President to secure the permanency of tenure of our 
teaching force to the farthest possible limit consistent with the 
welfare of the institution. An institution that permits other 
colleges to come in and appropriate its strong teachers is per- 
suing a policy of ill advised economy, if it allow r s these teachers 
to go simply by reason of the fact that the competing institution 
sees fit to offer larger salaries than the institution then employing 
them is giving. 

During the past year, by your action, our Professors have 
had their salaries increased $200, and, while so much recognition 
was commendable, we have no reason to congratulate ourselves 
upon the fact, for we are yet giving them much less than men of 
their preparation in any other line of professional work 
receive as a return for the investment made in their preparation. 
The small increase of the past year it is to be hoped is a guar- 
antee that whatever else may suffer, that side of the w T ork shall 
never be neglected. The President was encouraged by the 
promise made by this body last year in open meeting, in response 


to his appeal, that the salaries would be increased again this year 
if possible. The budget has been arranged in such a way and 
the plans so made that it is possible. I hope that the Board of 
Trustees will rise courageously to this obligation and encourage 
the faithful teachers of the institution by the most substantial 
mark of appreciation it is possible to offer. Our maximum salary 
is lamentably small if we are to expect from our Faculties that 
progress in scholarship which implies possession of books and 
journals and attendance at the meetings of learned societies. If 
we are to ask of them that they worthily fill their place in the 
social life of the village and State, if we are to offer them the 
freedom from anxiety which will enable them to give their total 
personal force to the work of the University and to production 
in the lines of their specialization and that will enable them to 
contribute to the glory of the University by their reputation, 
we must speedily move in the direction of a minimum salary of 
$2000 for our full professorships. 

At this time, I am called upon to report a larger number 
of resignations to take effect at the close of the present college 
year than have been recorded for some time past. 

After seventeen years of service, Prof. Roger Bruce Johnson, 
Ph. D., resigns the Chair of Philosophy to return to Princeton, 
his Alma Mater as a member of the faculty of that institution. 
Dr. Johnson, by his ripe scholarship, his rare teaching ability 
and his personal habits of investigation and study has been 
an inspiration to the students who have been privileged to sit in 
his classes throughout these years ; and his place will be hard to 
fill. It is pleasing to know that in years gone he has refused 
tempting offers from other institutions to remain with us. We 
cannot now blame him for his desire to return to the institution 
which gave him his own collegiate training. It is no small honor 
to Miami that Princeton seeks its Faculty members in our insti- 

Prof. Edward P. Thompson, A.M. who has held the Chair of 
Mathematics in this institution for twelve years, offers his resig- 
nation to take effect at the close of our approaching Summer 
Session. Prof. Thompson is a man of the very highest ideals of 
5< bolarship and character. He is a man of rare conscientious- 
ness, and his devotion even to the smallest duties have won for 
him the admiration and high regard of all his colleagues. He is 
devoted to the line of his specialization, and his study of Mathe- 


president's annual report 

matics is not confined to the English Language. He goes into the 
Modern Languages which he reads readily and conducts his inves- 
tigations in his chosen field where ever possible in the original. 
None who know Prof. Thompson know him but to respect him 
for his worth as a man and as a scholar and it is with a feeling 
akin to sadness that the recommendation of the acceptance of his 
resignation is made. 

Mr. James Madison Chapman, who since 1895 nas been In- 
structor in Elocution in this institution, offers his resignation to 
take effiect at the close of the present academic year. He is a 
man enthusiastic for the work of his chosen field and generous in 
his dealings with his students and associates. He has the assur- 
ance of the best wishes of all connected with the institution, 
and I recommend that his resignation be accepted. 

Not content with taking Dr. Johnson, the authorities of 
Princeton have once more swooped down upon us and called 
Prof. Mcllwain, of the Chair of History, from our Faculty to 
theirs. Prof. Mcllwain has been with us but two years. Dur- 
ing that time, however, he has shown himself to possess the in- 
stinct of the real scholar and the true teacher and has devoted 
himself most zealously to the work of building up his Depart- 
ment. He, too, is a graduate of Princeton and came to us after 
a period of post-graduate work at Harvard. There is no young 
man of all my acquaintance in the country who gives promise of 
a larger career in the field of History than Prof. Mcllwain, and 
and his departure will mean a distinct loss to our institution. I 
have written to President Woodrow Wilson of Princeton Univer- 
sity somewhat jestingly, to the effect that we would never again, 
in building up our Faculties, take a Princeton man, for, without 
exception, all the Princeton graduates who have come into the 
Miami Faculty have been called back in course of time to mem- 
bership in the Faculty of their Alma Mater. Prof. Parrott and 
Prof. Cameron were taken some years ago and now Dr. John- 
son and Prof. Mcllwain go the same way. I recommend that the 
resignation of Prof. Mcllwain be accepted and that hereafter we 
keep forever floating the flag of warning against Princeton 

While it is depressing to announce these resignations, it is 
refreshing to be able almost in the same breath to make recom- 
mendations of men so worthy to be their successors. As the 
successor of Dr. Johnson, in the Chair of Philosophy, I have the 



honor to recommend to your body for this Chair the appointment 
of Prof. Elmer E. Powell, Ph. D. Dr. Powell's acedemic educa- 
tion began in the University of Michigan, from which he received 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and was continued in Boston 
University School of Theology, from which he secured the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Sacred Theology, and in the Universities of 
Halle and Bonn, Germany, from the latter of which he received 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Magna Cum Laude. His 
special studies in Philosoph}' and Psychology were begun in the 
University of Michigan and were continued in connection with 
his theological studies as a graduate student under Prof. Borden 
P. Bowne of Boston University. During a protracted sojourn in 
Italy, he found opportunity to gratify his ruling interest of mak- 
ing a careful study of Rosmini, the most important Italian Phil- 
osopher of the nineteeth century, and by writing an expository 
and critical essay on his Philosophy for Prof. Bowne. When, on 
account of failing health due to overwork, he resigned his posi- 
tion in Rome, he went to Germany. There in the University of 
Halle and Bonn, he devoted himself to the study of German Phi- 
losophy and took the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Magna 
Cum Laude, at Bonn as before stated. His examination and 
promotion had the distinction of special mention in the Cologne 
Gazette of March 18th, 1899, which said amoung other things 
that "both his oral examination and his written dissertation won 
for him the special commendation of the Faculty," In order to 
get in touch with new developments in Psychology, after return- 
ing to this country, he spent some time at Harvard University, 
working in the Psychological Laboratory and the Library. Dr. 
Powell is the author of a small volume published in German as 
one of the Erdman Series of Monographs, and is writing a larger 
and more important work, now about completed, to be published 
in English. The Monograph has been noticed in the American 
Journal of Theology and in the Philosophical Review. The 
Philosophical Review lias recently appointed Dr. Powell to write 
the notices of Philosophical books published in the Italian Lan- 

At present, Dr. Powell is occupying the chair of Modern 
Languages in Franklin and Marshall College. As the result of his 
ten years 9 sojourn in Europe, he speaks Italian, Prencjiand Ger- 
man as fluently as English, and it is due him to explain why he is 
not at the present time teaching Philosophy. Upon his return from 


president's annual report 

abroad, no eligible position in Philosophy presented itself, and, 
as he was unwilling to be without remunerative employment, he 
accepted the present position, for which his practical knowledge 
of the Languages abundantly qualified him. He has never, how- 
ever, regarded it as any other than a temporary occupation while 
seeking a Chair of Philosophy, and has devoted his leisure time 
to further studies in that field. During his stay there, to my 
personal knowledge, several offers of positions in Philosophy 
have come to him, but most of them have involved financial 
sacrifices which he could not afford. Dr. Erdman, of the Uni- 
versity of Bonn, perhaps one of the greatest Philosophers living 
writes that "Dr. Powell has been my student in Halle and in 
Bonn from the fall of 1896 to 1899. During these years, he has 
attended my lectures and taken part in my seminary exercises. 
On a basis of an oral examination, passed Magna Cum Laude, 
and on a comprehensive and excellent dissertation on Spinoza's 
Conception of God, he was promoted to the Doctor's degree in 
March of this year at the University of Bonn. During these years, 
I have become acquainted with him in nearer personal inter- 
course, finally also as a member of the Philosophical Club and as 
participant in discussions of Bradley's Appearance and Reality. 

Dr. Powell professes a many sided philosophical culture; of 
his methodological training, his dissertation is sufficient evidence. 

He is penetrated as few are by an earnest and deeply moral 
religious spirit; is of the strictest conscientiousness and of most 
reliable thoroughness. He is excellently qualified to fill effici- 
ently a University Chair in Philosophy." 

Dr. Borden P. Bowne writes of Dr. Powell: "He was a stu- 
dent with me and has rare educational equipment for work and 
long experience in teaching. I should expect him to do well in 
the Chair of Philosophy. He has read widely in the history of 
speculation. His thesis was on the Philosophy of Spinoza and 
was an able discussion." 

President Edwin H. Hughes of DePauw University writes 
concerning Dr. Powell: "I have known him for sixteen years. He 
is in every way a strong man. Pie ought to be teaching Phil- 
osophy. He has an excellent appearance, is splendidly equipped 
by special preparation, is a person of thorough integrity, has a 
natural philosophical mind and is altogether a man . to be pre- 
ferred for your work. I would have brought him here a year 
ago if I could have given him enough salary. I say simply that 



you can feel absolutely safe in bringing Dr. Powell into your 
Faculty. I have no reservations in making this statement." 

Among a large number of candidates for this Chair, I select- 
ed Dr. Powell because I have known for some years of his 
peculiar fitness for this work, and I may say to you that, after a 
personal interview with him, my previous good impressions were 
strengthened rather than diminished and my own judgement was 
reinforced by that of my colleagues who met him. I think in 
Dr. Powell we have the best possible successor for Dr. Johnson, 
and I earnestly hope you will elect him. 

As a successor to Prof. Thompson in the Chair of Mathe- 
matics, I am equally clear as to the man I desire to recommend. 
When I found that Prof. Thompson was to leave us, I made a 
pilgrimage among various institutions of the West and North- 
west to visit the class rooms of mathematics men and to see them 
teach. I went to Northwestern University, to the University of 
Minnesota and to the University of Illinois. I saw men from 
other institutions but none impressed me so favorably as Prof. 
Arthur Graham Hall, Ph. D. Associate Professor of Mathematics 
in the University of Illinois. Prof. Hall is a man of striking person- 
ality, of remarkable enthusiasm and of rare scholorship. He is a 
graduate of the University of Michigan, where he taught for a 
number of years, and is a Doctor of Philosophy from the Univer- 
sity of Leipsic in Germany. He has a rare gift in holding the 
attention of his classes in what is usually considered as a very 
dry subject, and I earnestly hope that my choice of him for this 
important Chair will be confirmed by your honorable body. 

Several plans have been in mind for the Chair of History, 
but Prof. Mcllwain's resignation coming at rather a late hour 
found me more unprepared than I was to fill the other vacancies. 
The Chair of History is the one that I myself occupied for a 
number of years in a western college, and I have it in mind to 
recommend that my title the coming year be that of President 
and Professor of History, and that I be instructed to find an 
Assistant Professor in this Department. This will enable me to 
direct the work and perhaps teach one class myself. The rest of 
the work will be done by the Assistant. This will give me a 
year's time to cast about in search of a man to assume the full 
professorship. For the position of assistant professor of History 
I recommend the appointment of Proj. J. E. Bradford, A. M., now 
instructor in history and Principal of Media-Wever Academy at 


president's annual report 

Media, 111. Prof. Bradford is a graduate of Monmouth College 
and has pursued graduate work in History at Chicago University. 
I regard him as a worthy man of successful experience. 

To succeed Mr. Chapman, I am very happy to recommend 
Mr. Arthur Loren Gates. Mr. Gates is a graduate in the regular 
college course of Northwestern University and won the distinc- 
tion of being elected to membership in the Phi Beta Kappa Soci- 
ety. He is just now completing his work as a student in the 
Cumnock School of Oratory of Northwestern University, from 
which he graduates this month. Mr. Gates was here in person 
and I had the privilege of hearing him read. He is highly 
recommended by Prof. Cumnock, who is universally recognized 
as an authority on public speaking, and I feel sure that he is the 
right man for this place. It is my desire, and I think the desire 
of my colleagues, that the Chair of Public Speaking shall be 
something more than mere mechanical Elocution. It should be 
directed by a man of the highest possible culture, whose knowl- 
edge of literature and logic will enable him to do something more 
than to teach gesture and voice gymnastics. He must be a man 
who is able to take the original productions of students and to 
criticise them from the standpoint of a master rhetorcian. Such 
a man I believe we will find Prof. Gates to be, if the recommen- 
dation of the President is confirmed. 

A little more than a year ago, your Board conferred upon 
the President the authority to select a Dean ot Women. I con- 
gratulate the University upon the fact that it is possible to rec- 
ommend the appointment of Miss Elizabeth Hamilton, recently 
Dean of Oxford College, to this responsible position. Miss Ham- 
ilton is well known in Oxford College circles and beyond the 
limits of our own community as a young woman of rare scholar- 
ship, of many accomplishments, of beautiful life and of unusual 
executive ability. With our girls directed by her, we may rest 
secure in the assurance that their best interests will be thorough- 
ly and wisely safeguarded. 

According to a recommendation adopted by the Board a 
year ago, the Department of Manual Training in connection with 
the Ohio State Normal College will be established at the opening 
of the college year next September. This will be a most import- 
ant feature of the work connected with the training of teachers. 
I hope to recommend an instructor for this department before 
your adjournment, 



Miami University is not a church institution and yet, recog- 
nising the fact that our students come from different churches 
and need in the local churches of Oxford the inspiration of their 
teachers of the week as fellow worshipers, I have sought where- 
ever it was possible to do so, without sacrifice of scholarship or 
teaching ability, to distribute these new appointments among the 
several churches. Dr. Powell, whom I have recommended for 
the Chair of Philosophy, is a Methodist minister. Dr. Hall is a 
lay reader of the Episcopal Church, and Prof. Gates, and Miss 
Hamilton are Presbyterians. Prof. Bradford is an ordained min- 
ister ot the United Presbyterian Church. 

You may be interested in knowing that next year our Fac- 
ulty will be distributed in church membership as follows: 

Presbyterians 12 

Methodists 8 

Christians 2 

Episcopalians f, 3 

Congregationalists. 1 

United Presbyterians 1 

To our list of Presbyterians, may be added the Librarian 
and the Assistant Librarian, bringing the number up to fourteen, 
and, if we add the Secretary and her Assistant, the total num- 
ber is sixteen. The instructor in Manual Training will belong 
to some evangelical church. The Treasurer of the University is 
a United Presbyterian, so it appears that the different churches 
will be well represented. 

The Faculties, during the past year, have been more oc- 
cupied with the work of construction than with that of destruc- 
tion, more concerned with establishing the reforms of the last few 
years upon a sure foundation than with initiating new experi- 
ments in teaching or administration. 


The President of the University has been a sort of pil- 
grim and stranger on the earth. Such an official in these 
days is expected to be a man of all work. He ought to be 
preeminently a teacher, lie must be a preacher, a public 
speak itherer of coin. His work almost necessarily 

inclr/ eneral executive and financial work, the 

tant study of the greater and smaller needs and possi- 
bilities or the University as a whole, and considerable work 


president's annum, report 

of various kinds in the outside representation of the insti- 
tution. Where all parts of the work press, it is not always easy 
to know how wisely to devote one's time. On every side of the 
work, considerable gains would be possible, it more time could 
be given. It is to be hoped that the coming year the President 
can be brought into more intimate contact with the students 
through class room association. It is a calamity to any institu- 
tion when the President ceases to be a teacher and becomes sim- 
ply a commercial man. Teaching should not be a hindrance to 
presidential work, but rather an important aid to it. 

Quite a little direct financial work has been undertaken that 
has not borne much fruit, but the President supposes that the 
most important contribution in this line is to be made in the more 
direct way of winning interest and confidence in the University. 
In this larger sense, he trusts that his outside work has not been 
wholly unavailing. The constitution of our University System 
as hereinbefore described has abundantly justified itself, and the 
problem of adjusting the work of the Normal College and that of 
the College of Liberal Arts to each other is being rapidly and 
satisfactorily solved. 


The Academy, under the supervision of Mr. L,autis as Prin- 
cipal, has filled the place expected of it and gives promise of 
larger usefullness in the future. It is absolutely necessary to 
provide the boys and girls who come from the country districts, 
in some of our State institutions, with the preparatory schools 
necessary to get them ready for college. The Academy of Miami 
University is doing this work and we propose with the coming 
year to inaugurate a thorough system of classification in the 
Academy and the graduation of - its members on the completion 
of their course. This will give this Department of our institu- 
tional work the individuality that will command self-respect and 
the respect of others. 


The Normal College, under the direction of Dean Minuich, 
has taken the high ground this year that w T as expected as a nat- 
ural result of the careful foundation laying of the two preceding 
years. The Dean has spared no effort to place his college in the 
position to which it is entitled with the public school men of 
Ohio, and it is but simple justice to say that he has succeeded 



well. The enrollment may not have been all that was expected 
by the friends of the institution or all that the Dean or the Pres- 
ident and their associates hoped for, and yet there has been a 
steady growth in the matter of attendance until now it seems 
safe to prophesy that the coming year will see a very much larger 
number present than the Normal College has heretofore known. 
Those who graduate from the Normal College are greatly in de- 
mand as teachers, by the progressive schools of Ohio, and, if we 
had five times as many graduates as we send out this year, it 
would be easy to find positions for them. There is a demand 
for well prepared teachers and Dean Minnich and his associates 
are getting ready to supply that demand. It is gratifiying to be 
able to report that many who complete their work in the Normal 
College continue without interruption their work in the College 
of Liberal Arts and secure, in addition to their professional work, 
the degree that is necessary to give them the highest possible 
educational standing. The Normal College, too, or the College 
of Education, as it will henceforth, by vote of the University 
Senate, be known, giving this same degree, offers an opportunity 
to those who desire to avail themselves of it, to continue their 
professional preparation in connection with their liberal studies 
up to the time of final graduation from the four years' course. 


The College of Liberal Arts, directed by Dr. Hepburn, has 
enjoyed the most prosperous year of all its history. Real progress 
seems to have been made during the 3 7 ear in clearing up in the 
minds of many the true function of the college. The feeling of 
misgiving and fear on the part of the colleges of the country that 
seemed rather prevalent two or three years ago has been consider- 
ably dissipated. It is only required that the indispensable services 
already rendered to the life of the Union and needing continu- 
ously to be rendered by the colleges should be fairly recognized 
to make it impossible for men to suppose that either secondary 
schools on the one hand or the university on the other can take 
the place of the American college. No more enthusiastic ses- 
sions wet e held at the recent Congress of Arts and Sciences than 
that in the interest of the colleges, and college and university 
men alike seemed to be ready to agree as to the permanent and 
indispensable value of the college as furnishing to a degree not 
true of any other institution the social leaven of the Union. 


Doubtless discussion of this kind has not yet had an end, but the 
full work of the college with its entire four years' course is, I 
hope, forever established as indispensable, and in its general grasp 
of the distinctive college ideal, it may be well doubted whether 
the college of Liberal Arts of Miami University has ever been out- 
done by any other college. Just how far the distinctive function 
of the College requires limitation in numbers is a point not easy 
to determine, but it is obvious that a number of the colleges are 
making earnest and vigorous attempts to keep the highest college 
ideals among much larger bodies of students than the old college 
perhaps ever contained. One thing at least must be clear to all 
who do not wish to self-deceive themselves concerning this work 
of the college, viz., that its function cannot be prescribed by any 
machinery, however indirect it may be. The work of the college 
depends preeminently upon vital personal contact. The changes 
that are made in the increasing growth of the college should be 
aimed at making it possible to retain at every point this indis- 
pensable touch of the personal element. The change from the 
old methods of instruction under which teachers, pupils and text- 
books made a college, to the modern method demanding expen- 
sive and costly apparatus, libraries and equipment has now been 
made in every institution of the first rank. The recitations have 
given place to the lecture, the experiment by the professor to the 
experimental research by the student; the few orations have 
been displaced by daily practice in writing English. Passive re- 
ception of knowledge has yielded to the active search for truth, 
and much of the work formerly done in the Freshman year has 
been crowded back into the secondary school. Whether in this 
transition, there is loss as well as gain, we need not here discuss. 
I am firmly convined that we must never lose the college in the 
university, but even the pure college cannot pursue the simple 
inextensive methods of fifty years ago. The type of manhood 
produced by the authoritative inculcation of the last century was 
suited to its age, but would be utterly out of adjustment to the 
age now dawning. Our attitude as a college is conservative, 
We may have yielded somewhat to the temptation to adopt the 
system of unlimited electives, but this year we have, by the re- 
vision of our courses of study, swung back in the other direc- 
tion. We have increased our requirements for admission, cheer- 
fully accepting possible reduction of numbers for the sake of 
increasing efficiency in work. We cannot, however, go back to 



the old idea and have intellectual staples prescribed for all. The 
phrase, a cultivated man may, as a great leader has told us, now 
require a new definition. Certainly the method by which educa- 
tion is acquired has vastly changed since the day when we stud- 
ied astronomy without a telescope, chemistry without a labora- 
tory, history without charts or documents, and geology on a 
blackboard. We cannot retreat: we must go forward cautiously, 
with scrutiny, with deliberation — but we must go. 

Our course of study has been revised during the year and 
the requirements of admission raised from twelve to that of 
fifteen credits. In the College of Liberal Arts and in the College 
of Education, it has been provided that a student will graduate 
upon the successful completion of 186 hours of work. The work 
in these colleges consists of required work, group work and free 
electives. The required studies amount to 75 hours of work, the 
group studies to 54 and the free electives to 57 hours. In the 
College of Education, 31 hours of these 57 are required in edu- 
cation. The work of the Freshman year in both colleges is re- 
quired throughout. The student will usually take as the required 
work in each of the branches named hereafter, the most element- 
ary subjects offered, as these form in most cases the necessary 
basis for further advancement in the same subject. As required 
studies, each student must take in 

Biology or Chemistry 9 hours 

English 15 " 

Modern Language, Latin, Greek, 

French or German 18 

History 6 

Logic and Psychology 9 

Mathematics 9 

Elocution 3 

Gymnasium 6 

Group Work. There are fourteen departments from which 
the student can select his group studies. These departments are 
as follows: 

Biology and Geology. History. 

Chemistry. Latin. 

Iv onomi< and Sociology. Mathematics and Astronomy. 

Education. Natural History. 

English, Philosophy. 

German. Physics. 

( /reck. Romance Languages* 


president's annual report 

A student's group comprises twenty-seven hours of work in 
each of any two of the above departments, or eighteen hours in 
each of any three. After choosing the departments in which 
his group work shall be done, the student is at liberty to select 
any subjects from the list of those offered in these departments 
to make up the required eighteen or twenty-seven hours, except 
in so far as his choice may be restricted by necessary sequence 
of studies and by the schedule. We urge our students to plan their 
work in consultation with the professors in charge of the differ- 
ent departments. 

Free ElECTives. The required studies and group work 
together amount to one hundred and twenty nine hours. The 
student takes the remaining fifty-seven hours in free electives. 
Any subject open to a student in the College of Liberal Arts or 
in the College of Education, outside of the departments in which 
he does his group work, may be taken as a free elective, provided 
the student's previous work qualifies him to pursue the subject 
and the schedule permits. A sufficient variety of electives is 
offered to meet the reasonable demands of an undergraduate 
course, and to enable the student to select his work with a view 
to the profession or calling he has in comtemplation. In order 
to insure thorough work and discourage too great variety in the 
topics studied, electives are required to be chosen with the advice 
and consent of the Faculty concerned with a view of systematiz- 
ing and giving intelligent direction to the work. We believe 
that it is wise to do as we have done in making the work of the 
Freshman year required. Students in college for the first time 
scarcely know their own powers or their own inclinations suffici- 
ently to determine upon the proper line of elective studies. This 
year of required work lays the foundation for the superstructure 
of specialization. We do not forget, however that it is not the 
purpose of the college to prepare for business or for profession. 
The college rather has as its object the development of human 
faculties to the point where specialization of an intelligent 
character is possible. The group work enables a student to test 
his own powers along certain lines, and to determine, while he is 
in college, his fitness for one or two or three lines of work, while 
at the same developing broadly along other lines. Believing 
this to be the object of undergraduate work, the University Sen- 
ate has, after much care, adopted this course of study, expecting 
good results therefrom. We do not believe that the last word 



has been said on courses of study. We do not flatter ourselves 
that we may not have to revise another year. We have how- 
ever, a definite ideal and are seeking to realize it. 


The work in Art, presented under the direction of a special 
teacher, this last year for the first time, has abundantly justified 
its establishment. Miss Robinson will report upon the class 
work of a general character done with the students of the Nor- 
mal college, and upon the special newspaper illustrative work 
done by those who are interested in that line of study. It is 
impossible to commend too highly the good results of the work 
secured under Miss Robinson's direction. 


The Department of Music is comparatively new in Miami 
University, but it has during the past two years, under the direc- 
tion of Dr. Myers, proven itself to be no insignificant feature of 
our college life. Few subjects are so essential to genuine educa- 
tion as Music. No public school could exist without it. It is 
now one of the subjects offered for entrance to some colleges. No 
private school, w T hich ignored it, could command any patronage. 
We all know that by the Greeks, it was esteemed one of the most 
important subjects in the training of youth. At the same time, 
there is no other subject which is so difficult to correlate with the 
other discipline of the curriculm. To command the intellectual 
respect of a University by the severity of its work and yet to be 
true to its own sentimental and aesthetic aims is the difficult task 
set for such a Department. Music is neither language nor science 
nor history, or rather it is all of these together. It is obedience, 
cooperation, harmony, aspiration, religion, all elements vital to the 
growth of young people. These facts we have tried to realize, 
and realizing them, have given to Music for the first time the 
recognition that is its due, for credit in our new course of study. 


There has been much disputation among educators in recent 
years ah to the value of Manual Training, but, in the public 
school work and in many of our larger institutions, it seems to 
have l Otne to stay. It must be recognized that the hand may be 
so trained as to mean to the student large intellectual culture and 


president's annual report 

Domestic Science is not alone practical. It has large practi- 
cal value and is disciplinary as well. 

Just how large a place these subjects should be given in col- 
lege curricula is still a question in the minds of many who are 
giving the question thoughtful consideration. There is no doubt, 
however, that there is a demand for this work in the public 
schools, and, as before indicated, following the report adopted by 
your body last year, we shall recommend the employment of a 
teacher of Manual Training and the establishment and equip- 
ment of this Department for the coming year. 


There is beyond any question a growing demand on the 
part of the public at large for experts in the several lines of 
mechanical industry. In obedience to this demand, technical 
schools have sprung up all over the country. While beyond any 
question the work of such schools should be offered to graduates 
rather than to undergraduates, yet the fact remains that the un- 
dergraduate institutions must, so far as is consistent with the old 
and generally accepted ideal of college work, prepare for the 
technical work of the graduate schools. 

Our department of Physics, under the direction of Dr. 
Culler, as established now in the new addition to Brice Hall, 
will afford an opportunity for preliminary training in this line 
that Miami before has never been able to offer to its students. 


The question as to what is to become of the classics is one 
that has greatly concerned the minds of those who believe that 
the study of Latin and Greek will always be one of the essentials 
of true culture. At Miami, where the the classic ideal has strong- 
ly obtained throughout the years, it is hard to concede that Latin 
and Greek can well be dispensed with. So much of the Latin 
work is required that it is scarcely a problem for us, but, in this 
day of free electives, the Greek has severely suffered. During 
the term just closing, we have had but three students pursuing 
college Greek. Whether that small number justifies the reten- 
tion of a full professor is a grave question in the minds of many 
who are seeking the largest possible returns upon the investment 
of University moneys. There is no question in the mind of the 
President but that the Department should be continued, and it 



is his opinion that it should be continued for the coming year at 
least, under the direction of a full professor as now. I suggest, 
however, that this entire subject be referred to a special Com- 
mittee of the Board, and that Dr. Eckels, the Head of the 
Department, be invited to meet with this Committee for a careful 
consideration of the subject prior to its report. 


The Gymnasium, under the direction of Prof. Stone, has 
been more generously patronized this year than ever before. 
Our Department of Physical Training holds a close relation to 
the mental and moral health of the students, and the excellent 
work done by the Director of that Department is w r orthy of the 
most cordial support of your bod}'. I recommend the same ap- 
propriation for Gymnasium support as was given last year. It is 
yet problematical how best to present the work of this Depart- 
ment. With some of us who have studied the matter somewhat 
at close range, it is yet an unsolved question whether the work 
should be elective or required. At present, it is altogether re- 
quired. Personally, the President is coming more and more to 
be of the opinion that large required classes, going through strik- 
ing gymnastic drills, excite the interest and applause of the pub- 
lic, but that the real work is done largely with the small group 
or with the individual, by studying his weaknesses, apprehending 
his need, kindling his ambition, prescribing some regimen and 
gradually making over his muscular and nervous system. In 
this kind of work, a variety of exercises is essential to meet 
various needs. The development of indoor and track athletics 
during the year has been highly gratifying. The tendency of 
the greater and more popular sports is often to develop a highly 
trained team of a few men and to reduce the rest of the college to 
spe< tators and shouters. We need not less interest in intercol- 
legiate games, but far more interest in those varied forms of in- 
door and outdoor sport, where the public excitement is usually 
less, but where the benefit to the student may be far more. 

We have not an athletic record during the year just closing 
of which we can be particularly proud. Last Autumn, we started 
in firm in the determination that professionalism must be weeded 
out of Miami University. We succeeded entirely, but we did not 
win a single game of foot-ball. This is quite a humiliating ex- 


president's annual report 

perience to an institution that, two years before, had borne away 
in triumph the pennant of Southwestern Ohio. There is no ques- 
tion that vexes the mind educational more than this same ques- 
tion of college atheltics. In the gatherings of college presidents 
and professors, this is the subject always most prominent and 
productive of the most interesting discussions. Some benefits have 
resulted from these discussions no doubt. Frank and fearless 
debate, even though we cannot reach unanimous conclusions, is 
far better than tame acquiescence. All the colleges of the country 
have been greatly benefitted by these discussions. Every college 
president and professor to whom I have listened in public during 
the last year has insisted that none but bona fide legitimate 
students in college, without any remuneration of any kind, should 
be allowed to play upon the intercollegiate athletic teams. Most 
of these men, high in college authority, have insisted that in their 
own institutions none but this class of men have been allowed to 
play. It is hard not to become cynical when listening to such 
Pharisaical profession of righteousness. 

Our own students played during the year with a prominent 
neighboring institution which in other years, it has always defeat- 
ed. The statement was made to us by our students that on the 
team of this particular institution men were playing who had been 
imported purely for this purpose. It was further stated that the 
President of that institution had said to his coach that, if they were 
to have a team, it must be a winning team and that he had no further 
directions than that to give. This same college president told me, 
with tears in his eyes, after the season was over, that he very 
much feared that there were men who had played on the team of 
his institution that were not properly entitled so to play. 

In the very first game of the season, one of the prominent 
institutions of Ohio presented, in advance, to the authorities of 
Miami a list of players which included one man that was known 
to us to be, without question, a professionsl player. We were 
able to prove that he had participated in foot-ball games in 
former years for pay. The President of that instiution, to his 
honor be it said, wrote to your President, saying that this man 
should not play. His Faculty Committee on Athletics, with 
great pretentions of righteousness, insisted that they w T anted no 
man to play against whom there was the slightest taint of suspi- 
cion. Their sanctified expressions were enough to bring tears to 
the eyes of a man easily affected. Notwithstanding all this, how- 


ever, they insisted on playing their man of shady athletic charac- 
rer until they found that we would not play the game with him 
in it. Throughout the rest of the season, this man, who was be- 
yond any question a professional, was played with becoming 

Many colleges of the country, realizing that their rules were 
being evaded have proceeded to change, but always in the direc- 
tion of greater stringency. Amherst, after trying laxer rules for 
a time, has, at the request of the students, gone back to the old 
requirements. Harvard and Dartmouth have adopted additional 
regulations against so-called professionalism. Almost all the 
great Western Universities have united in a vigorous attempt to 
secure amateurism in college sport. In spite of all these rules, 
however, the anxiety of the Faculties, as well as the anxiety of 
the students, has led to a violation of these rules, so that it were 
better if there had never been any rule. Nothing is more pro- 
ductive of the growth of anarchy and disrespect for law in the 
facile minds of students than to see the violation of law winked 
at by those who make the law. 

The University of Wisconsin has served notice on the Uni- 
versities of Minnesota and Michigan that henceforth they propose 
to be absolutely clean in matters athletic, and that, unless the 
two institutions addressed declare their purpose to purify them- 
selves, henceforth there shall be no intercollegiate athletic rela- 
tions existing between them. This is high ground to take, but 
it must be taken if we are to make college athletics subserve the 
end for which they were established, viz., the all around develop- 
ment of all the students. 

It is a sad commentary upon the morality of any college, when 
its legitimate students are compelled to stand aside and give way 
to paid experts in order to win games, or when it is necessary for 
thein to have a "pull" in order to find places on college teams. 

The President of this institution confesses that it is far from 
pleasant to him to have the students of an institution otherwise 
prosperous go out and every time come back defeated. It is 
better, however, that such should be the result than that there 
should be sacrifice of principle to mere expediency. For a little 
while longer, we will try to hold to the ideals we have established 
for ourselves, and, if we find others that are unwilling to meet US 
on the same level, we will either adopt the same plans that they 
adopt or else abandon intercollegiate athletics altogether. If we 


president's annual report 

adopt their methods of professionalism, we will not adopt them 
secretly, but will let it be known to the world that we are doing 
in the open what other institutions are cowardly doing under 
cover. It is not likely that we will choose this alternative. It 
would be far better for our institution to abandon athletics en- 
tirely than to reduce college games to the level of professional 


The plans for the establishment of a new library are now so 
well known that they scarcely need further elaboration. Our 
great need is a general University Library building. We must 
mention this year after year until we obtain our great desire. 
The crowded condition of our present room, the lack of light, 
ventilation, room for study or even for books is known to all 
of us. 

Mr. Andrew Carnegie has put a library within our grasp 
if only we will take it. He offers forty thousand dollars for a 
building on condition that we raise forty thousand dollars for en- 
dowment. I have appealed to our Alumni and am chagrinned 
beyond expression to be compelled to say that the 
majority of them have responded by declining with thanks 
to contribute. I refuse to believe that there are any of 
our Alumni who could not, with a little sacrifice, give at least 
$20 a year for five years to so laudable an undertaking. Miami 
University is not supported by any ecclesiastical organization, and 
its dependence for all support, aside from that given by the State, 
must be upon its Alumni. Every institution that I am acquaint- 
ed with has made larger drafts upon the loyalty of its graduates 
and former students than Miami has done. Ours have given 
practically nothing. It is very easy to be loyal to an institution 
so long as loyalty consists ih eating, drinking and cheering. 
This sort of loyalty, however, will never work to the upbuilding 
of a college and to the extension of its influence. A few mem- 
bers of our Alumni Association and a large number of our Fac- 
ulty and some friends have given liberally. The vast majority, 
be it said to their shame, have given nothing. What could be 
more discouraging to a President than such an attitude as this 
manifested by those who shonld love the institution that gradu- 
ated them as they love their own lives? We have a right to ex- 
pect that our Alumni will sieze the first opportunity to give to 
their Alma Mater as freely as she has given to them. Unless 



they do this, and that right speedily, we shall degenerate rather 
than grow and we shall be an institution of the backwoods rather 
than of the progressive type. I speak plainly, but in such a 
crisis plain speaking is needed. Personally, I do not care to 
serve an institution whose graduates are not sufficiently interested 
to give a mere pittance for its advancement. Oberlin College 
has what is known as the Living Endowment Association. Every 
graduate is expected to put Oberlin College on the list of his 
benevolences, and in this way large support is given to the insti- 
tution. Yale has a similar system. If Miami is to grow it 
must be because the love of its sons is made manifest in a substan- 
tial way that contributes to its growth and development. If I 
have spoken plainly, I have spoken no more plainly than I feel. 
I could not be true to you, nor true to myself if I said less. The 
time has come for action. A million dollars, instead of forty 
thousand dollars, endowment should be raised and that right 
speedily by those who are proud to own Miami as Alma Mater. 

I suggest, in connection with the work of the Alumni Assoc- 
iation, the establishing of an annual holiday to be known as 
Founders' Day. The particular season of the year when this day 
should be set aside as one of general observance is a question 
that should be given some consideration, but certainly such a day 
as this might be made a day for the rallying and the giving of 
the sons of our historic institution. 

In this connection, I further recommend, in as-much-as we 
have not recently published a triennial catalogue of Miami Uni- 
versity , that in connection with the next annual catalogue of 
Miami University, a list of the Alumni and their present address- 
es be published. It might be well to prepare an entirely new 
catalogue. We are in touch with all the members of the Associa- 
tion and seek to have our Alumni records at the President's 
office revised annually. 


The publications of the University are such as to merit the 
approval and command the respect of all the friends of the institu- 
tion. The "Miami Student" is generally recognized by the college 
men ol Ohio to be one of the strongest student publications issu- 
ed by the students of any college in the State. It would seem 

able, if, instead of making it a monthly publication, it might 

mi-mothly or weekly. 

After a lapse of some years, "The Recensio," the annual 
publication of the Junior class, appears this year and reflects in a 

creditable way the life of the institution. 

president's annual report 

The President is pleased to direct your attention to the fact 
that some of our Faculty members are producing in their chosen 
lines, publications that are .commanding the attention of those 
who are professional readers. Dr. Hayes has in process of pub- 
lication in the American Journal of Sociology a series of articles 
on Sociological Construction Lines. Prof. Hoke has written some 
articles for the press, and is preparing a work on Economic 
Geography. Specialization of this sort which manifests itself in 
production on the part of our Professors certainly should be en- 
couraged. It means much to the institution as well as to them. 


I am pleased to report that the work of the religious associa- 
tions is in a very, prosperous condition. The Young Men's 
Christian Association and the Young Woman's Christian Asso- 
ciation are thriving organizations and are a great power for good 
in our student community. 

It is to be hoped that, with the readjustment of class rooms 
by reason of our added facilities in Brice Hall, we may be able to 
give to these organizations a more suitable room than the one 
now occupied. The Young Men's Christian Association have 
determined to employ a college-bred man as General Secretary, 
who will give his whole time to religious work among the stu- 
dents during the coming year. 

The Chapel services are required and are well attended. The 
President, each Thursday evening, has conducted a voluntary 
vesper prayer service, in which great interest has always been 
manifested. The University Services, the third Sunday of each 
month, are made as attractive and inspiring as possible, and are 
well patronized, not only by our own students and Faculties but 
by the students of the other institutions, as well as by our friends 
in the town, The moral and religious life of the institution was 
never more satisfactory. The personal influence of the student 
is felt in all the churches. The professors are active in church 
and religious work and make their influence count for all that is 
best. By a majority of eighty-five, the saloons were voted out of 
Oxford on the twenty-eighth day of February and henceforth 
this baneful influence will happily be lacking. 


The Literary Societies are still in existence, but have a hard 
fight against the Fraternities, which, though originally establish- 
ed for literary purposes, have in large measure become social 
organizations. It is pleasing, however, to be able to speak in 
high terms of the standards that obtain in the several Fratenri- 



ties and to report that the ideals that govern them are far better 
now than they have been in previous years. The Fraternity 
House, however much we may see fit to question it, is evidently 
here to stay and is an important factor in our college life. It 
would be unwise to oppose the establishment of these houses and 
the existence of Fraternities, and it should be regarded as a 
privilege by those in authority so to direct the activities of these 
organizations as to bring the best possible results to the individu- 
al students and to the institution at large. 


•'Hepburn Hall," the new Dormitory for Women will be 
ready for occupany at the opening of the Summer Session. Ac- 
cording to the direction of your body, the rules for the govern- 
ance of this building will be left to the President and the Dean 
of Women. 

The Men's Dormitories are not yet handled to the best pos- 
sible advantage. There is a lack of authority in these buildings 
that is productive of many things undesirable. The President 
is not prepared to offer any solution of the problem other than 
that which has been proposed before. A member of the Faculty 
should be in each Dormitory and to him should be given the 
largest possible authority in the establishment of ideals and in 
the maintaining of order. The present method of renting rooms 
unfurnished to the students is not altogether satisfactory. Stu- 
dents provide their own furniture, and then it is impossible for 
us to use the dormitories for students who come to us for the 
brief six weeks' Summer Session. It is scarcely worth while 
for those who come for so short a time to buy their own furni- 
ture, and it has occured to some in authority that it might be 
wise to consider the advisability of furnishing the rooms of the 
Men's Dormitories as we do of the Women's Hall and charge a 
slightly higher rent for the rooms. I commend this to your 
thoughtful consideration. 


Before closing this report, it is eminently fitting to speak in 
high terms of the work done by our Medical Director, Dr. Hugh 
M. Moore. Whatever doubt may have existed in the minds of 
any as to the wisdom of the appointment of such an officer must 
have been dispelled during the past year. There is no question 
but that the faithfulness of our Medical Director and his prompt 
and skillful attention given to threatening diseases saved us in 
two or three instances from a panic, which is always the inevita- 
able result of diseases allowed to become epidemic. 

In "Hepburn Hall" we shall have a room well isolated and 
well snked to hospital use for young women. Unfortunately, we 
have no such means of isolating and caring for our young men 
students. The Medical Director wil] suggest the advisability of 


erecting a small house, to be set apart for this purpose, and I 
commend his recommendation to your earnest consideration. 
The influence of the Medical Director in raising the moral stand- 
ards by the private talks he has had with young men and 
young women can scarcely be over-estimated. He has been a 
power for good as well as a power for health. 


In the week immediately following Commencemsnt, our 
next Summer Session will begin. We are providing for this 
session on a larger scale than ever before, and the prospects are 
that we shall have a great enrollment. It is the desire of the 
management to make this Summer School more and more of 
larger service to the young people who come to our halls. Many 
who are here for the Summer never return to us, but they go 
out to speak well of the institution and send their pupils to us 
for regular courses. Others having come with the intention of 
remaining onty for the Summer, often decide upon a college 
course as the result of the Summer's inspiration. This work 
merits the enthusiastic support and the cordial encouragement 
of all those who have the interests of the institution well at heart. 


The University Senate has transmitted, through its Sec- 
retary, its recommendation for degrees which it respectfully 
asks shall be submitted to your Committee on Degrees. 

In this connection, the President deems it proper to suggest 
the advisaiblity in the future, as is done in most of the in- 
stitutions, of requiring the presence of all those at Commence- 
ment time who are to receive honorary degrees. 


There is large educational value in the surroundings of a 
student body. A liberal appropriation was asked last year for 
buildings and grounds, and it is beileved that it will be agreed by 
all that the money was expended to good advantage. Our build- 
ings are in fairly good condition and our grounds well kept. There 
is, however, positively no limit to the expenditure of money to 
good advantage in such a work as this, and large appropriations 
will be needed the coming year. 


In view of the approaching session of the Legislature of 
Ohio, it is well to consider at this time our needs for the immedi- 
ate future. We have had our requests in the past granted be- 
cause we have asked within reason. We must do likewise the 
coming year. We shall need as much for support as we already 
have. I do not believe it would be wise to ask for a large in* 



crease in our annual income. In order, however, to give to the 
Normal College the individuality it needs to make it a success, 
and at the same time to secure to the College or Liberal Arts its 
individuality, these two Departments of our work should be sep- 
arated so far as the buildings they occupy are concerned. We 
should ask for $75,000 for a new Normal College building, and 
we have a right to expect that the state w 7 ill recognize this need 
and meet it. 

If we are able yet to meet Mr. Carnegie's condition and se- 
cure our Library, the next great need after this and the Normal 
College building is a central heating plant. It is not economy to 
attempt to heat buildings as ours are heated at the present time 
by small individual plants. The interests of health and cleanli- 
ness, to say nothing of economy, demand a building for this pur- 
pose somewhat removed from those inhabited by teachers and 
students. Such a plant can be built and equipped for twenty 
thousand dollars. 


On the 28th of June, 1855, ^ e Sigma Chi Fraternity was 
born at Miami University. It has become a great national 
organization, and will hold its convention in Cincinnati during 
the month of June. On Anniversary Day, the 28th, all the dele- 
gates, friends and local members of the Fraternity round about 
will make a pilgrimage to their shrine at "Old Miami." The 
officers and the rank and file of the Fraternity are looking for- 
ward with pleasant anticipations to this home coming. We 
ought not to disappoint them, and I recommend that we make 
ample provision to receive them as becomes an institution which 
enjoys our peculiar distinction as the "Mother of Fraternities/ ' 


In conclusion, I desire to record my heartfelt appreciation of 
the cordial support given me at all times by my colleagues in the 
Faculties and by all the members of your Board. In return, I 
pledge for the future my undivided and untiring endeavor to 
perform to the best of my ability the important work committed 
to my hands. 

Respectfully submitted, 


President of Miami University. 
Oxford, Ohio, June ij, 1905. 

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